Emily Fisher: RISP-informed Video Offers Novel Insights into Antibiotic Stewardship Interventions
From Emily Bush-Clark on April 16th, 2020
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When I came to Penn State, I majored in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (BMB), but after one Health Policy Administration (HPA) course, I quickly realized I wanted to add an HPA minor. I was interested in gaining more hands-on experience with healthcare when I found Dr. MacGeorge’s research team. Dr. MacGeorge’s team, affectionately known as Communication Science against Antibiotic Resistance (CSaAR), was studying the effects of patient interventions at UHS as a method to improve stewardship efforts. As a research assistant, I was able to gain healthcare exposure through our studies at UHS. CSaAR also introduced me to the exciting field of Communication Arts and Sciences.
My research project compares the effects of two different interventions on combatting antibiotic resistance. Antibiotic resistance is a national public health threat caused by the increasing number of bacteria that are no longer susceptible to traditional antibiotics. The CDC estimates that more than 2.8 million people are infected with antibiotic resistant bacteria each year, with over 35,000 deaths as a result of these infections. Given the large number of people infected with antibiotic resistant bacteria each year, it is vital that more people are aware of the appropriate use of antibiotics. Research on successful antibiotic interventions is imperative in our ability to combat resistance.
This project revealed the promise of interventions based on communication theory. The RISP-informed video was able to influence risk judgements and affective responses—neither of which was significantly affected by the CDC video. This project shows that there is potential for communication-based interventions to target specific outcomes of a stewardship campaign.